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100 Item Exam on Fundamentals Of Nursing : Stress, Crisis, Crisis Intervention, Communication, Recording, Learning and Documentation

100 Item Exam on Fundamentals Of Nursing : Stress, Crisis, Crisis Intervention, Communication, Recording, Learning and Documentation


By : Budek

Content Outline

1. Physical response to stress
2. Psychological response to stress
3. Spiritual response to stress
4. Stress management
5. Crisis and Crisis intervention
6. Communication
7. Recording
8. Documentation
9. Learning

1. The coronary vessels, unlike any other blood vessels in the body, respond to sympathetic stimulation by

A. Vasoconstriction
B. Vasodilatation
C. Decreases force of contractility
D. Decreases cardiac output

2. What stress response can you expect from a patient with blood sugar of 50 mg / dl?

A. Body will try to decrease the glucose level
B. There will be a halt in release of sex hormones
C. Client will appear restless
D. Blood pressure will increase

3. All of the following are purpose of inflammation except

A. Increase heat, thereby produce abatement of phagocytosis
B. Localized tissue injury by increasing capillary permeability
C. Protect the issue from injury by producing pain
D. Prepare for tissue repair

4. The initial response of tissue after injury is

A. Immediate Vasodilation
B. Transient Vasoconstriction
C. Immediate Vasoconstriction
D. Transient Vasodilation

5. The last expected process in the stages of inflammation is characterized by

A. There will be sudden redness of the affected part
B. Heat will increase on the affected part
C. The affected part will loss its normal function
D. Exudates will flow from the injured site

6. What kind of exudates is expected when there is an antibody-antigen reaction as a result of microorganism infection?

A. Serous
B. Serosanguinous
C. Purulent
D. Sanguinous

7. The first manifestation of inflammation is

A. Redness on the affected area
B. Swelling of the affected area
C. Pain, which causes guarding of the area
D. Increase heat due to transient vasodilation

8. The client has a chronic tissue injury. Upon examining the client’s antibody for a particular cellular response, Which of the following WBC component is responsible for phagocytosis in chronic tissue injury?

A. Neutrophils
B. Basophils
C. Eosinophils
D. Monocytes

9. Which of the following WBC component proliferates in cases of Anaphylaxis?

A. Neutrophils
B. Basophils
C. Eosinophils
D. Monocytes

10. Icheanne, ask you, her Nurse, about WBC Components. She got an injury yesterday after she twisted her ankle accidentally at her gymnastic class. She asked you, which WBC Component is responsible for proliferation at the injured site immediately following an injury. You answer:

A. Neutrophils
B. Basophils
C. Eosinophils
D. Monocytes

11. Icheanne then asked you, what is the first process that occurs in the inflammatory response after injury, You tell her:

A. Phagocytosis
B. Emigration
C. Pavementation
D. Chemotaxis

12. Icheanne asked you again, What is that term that describes the magnetic attraction of injured tissue to bring phagocytes to the site of injury?

A. Icheanne, you better sleep now, you asked a lot of questions
B. It is Diapedesis
C. We call that Emigration
D. I don’t know the answer, perhaps I can tell you after I find it out later

13. This type of healing occurs when there is a delayed surgical closure of infected wound

A. First intention
B. Second intention
C. Third intention
D. Fourth intention
14. Type of healing when scars are minimal due to careful surgical incision and good healing

A. First intention
B. Second intention
C. Third intention
D. Fourth intention

15. Imelda, was slashed and hacked by an unknown suspects. She suffered massive tissue loss and laceration on her arms and elbow in an attempt to evade the criminal. As a nurse, you know that the type of healing that will most likely occur to Miss Imelda is

A. First intention
B. Second intention
C. Third intention
D. Fourth intention

16. Imelda is in the recovery stage after the incident. As a nurse, you know that the diet that will be prescribed to Miss Imelda is

A. Low calorie, High protein with Vitamin A and C rich foods
B. High protein, High calorie with Vitamin A and C rich foods
C. High calorie, Low protein with Vitamin A and C rich foods
D. Low calorie, Low protein with Vitamin A and C rich foods

17. Miss Imelda asked you, What is WET TO DRY Dressing method? Your best response is

A. It is a type of mechanical debridement using Wet dressing that is applied and left to dry to remove dead tissues
B. It is a type of surgical debridement with the use of Wet dressing to remove the necrotic tissues
C. It is a type of dressing where in, The wound is covered with Wet or Dry dressing to prevent contamination
D. It is a type of dressing where in, A cellophane or plastic is placed on the wound over a wet dressing to stimulate healing of the wound in a wet medium

18. The primary cause of pain in inflammation is

A. Release of pain mediators
B. Injury to the nerve endings
C. Compression of the local nerve endings by the edema fluids
D. Circulation is lessen, Supply of oxygen is insufficient

19. The client is in stress because he was told by the physician he needs to undergo surgery for removal of tumor in his bladder. Which of the following are effects of sympatho-adreno-medullary response by the client?

1. Constipation
2. Urinary frequency
3. Hyperglycemia
4. Increased blood pressure

A. 3,4
B. 1,3,4

20. The client is on NPO post midnight. Which of the following, if done by the client, is sufficient to cancel the operation in the morning?

A. Eat a full meal at 10:00 P.M
B. Drink fluids at 11:50 P.M
C. Brush his teeth the morning before operation
D. Smoke cigarette around 3:00 A.M

21. The client place on NPO for preparation of the blood test. Adreno-cortical response is activated and which of the following below is an expected response?

A. Low BP
B. Decrease Urine output
C. Warm, flushed, dry skin
D. Low serum sodium levels

22. Which of the following is true about therapeutic relationship?

A. Directed towards helping an individual both physically and emotionally
B. Bases on friendship and mutual trust
C. Goals are set by the solely nurse
D. Maintained even after the client doesn’t need anymore of the Nurse’s help

23. According to her, A nurse patient relationship is composed of 4 stages : Orientation, Identification, Exploitation and Resolution

A. Roy
B. Peplau
C. Rogers
D. Travelbee

24. In what phase of Nurse patient relationship does a nurse review the client’s medical records thereby learning as much as possible about the client?

A. Pre Orientation
B. Orientation
C. Working
D. Termination

25. Nurse Aida has seen her patient, Roger for the first time. She establish a contract about the frequency of meeting and introduce to Roger the expected termination. She started taking baseline assessment and set interventions and outcomes. On what phase of NPR Does Nurse Aida and Roger belong?

A. Pre Orientation
B. Orientation
C. Working
D. Termination

26. Roger has been seen agitated, shouting and running. As Nurse Aida approaches, he shouts and swear, calling Aida names. Nurse Aida told Roger “That is an unacceptable behavior Roger, Stop and go to your room now.” The situation is most likely in what phase of NPR?

A. Pre Orientation
B. Orientation
C. Working
D. Termination

27. Nurse Aida, in spite of the incident, still consider Roger as worthwhile simply because he is a human being. What major ingredient of a therapeutic communication is Nurse Aida using?

A. Empathy
B. Positive regard
C. Comfortable sense of self
D. Self awareness

28. Nurse Irma saw Roger and told Nurse Aida “ Oh look at that psychotic patient “ Nurse Aida should intervene and correct Nurse Irma because her statement shows that she is lacking?

A. Empathy
B. Positive regard
C. Comfortable sense of self
D. Self awareness

29. Which of the following statement is not true about stress?

A. It is a nervous energy
B. It is an essential aspect of existence
C. It has been always a part of human experience
D. It is something each person has to cope

30. Martina, a Tennis champ was devastated after many new competitors outpaced her in the Wimbledon event.
She became depressed and always seen crying. Martina is clearly on what kind of situation?

A. Martina is just stressed out
B. Martina is Anxious
C. Martina is in the exhaustion stage of GAS
D. Martina is in Crisis

31. Which of the following statement is not true with regards to anxiety?

A. It has physiologic component
B. It has psychologic component
C. The source of dread or uneasiness is from an unrecognized entity
D. The source of dread or uneasiness is from a recognized entity

32. Lorraine, a 27 year old executive was brought to the ER for an unknown reason. She is starting to speak but her speech is disorganized and cannot be understood. On what level of anxiety does this features belongs?

A. Mild
B. Moderate
C. Sever
D. Panic

33. Elton, 21 year old nursing student is taking the board examination. She is sweating profusely, has decreased awareness of his environment and is purely focused on the exam questions characterized by his selective attentiveness. What anxiety level is Elton exemplifying?

A. Mild
B. Moderate
C. Sever
D. Panic

34. You noticed the patient chart : ANXIETY +3 What will you expect to see in this client?

A. An optimal time for learning, Hearing and perception is greatly increased
B. Dilated pupils
C. Unable to communicate
D. Uses palliative coping mechanism

35. When should the nurse starts giving XANAX?

A. When anxiety is +1
B. When the client starts to have a narrow perceptual field and selective inattentiveness
C. When problem solving is not possible
D. When the client is immobile and disorganized

36. Which of the following behavior is not a sign or a symptom of Anxiety?

A. Frequent hand movement
B. Somatization
C. The client asks a question
D. The client is acting out

37. Which of the following intervention is inappropriate for client’s with anxiety?

A. Offer choices
B. Provide a quiet and calm environment
C. Provide detailed explanation on each and every procedures and equipments
D. Bring anxiety down to a controllable level

38. Which of the following statement, if made by the nurse, is considered not therapeutic?

A. “How did you deal with your anxiety before?”
B. “It must be awful to feel anxious.”
C. “How does it feel to be anxious?”
D. “What makes you feel anxious?”

39. Marissa Salva, Uses Benson’s relaxation. How is it done?

A. Systematically tensing muscle groups from top to bottom for 5 seconds, and then releasing them
B. Concentrating on breathing without tensing the muscle, Letting go and repeating a word or sound after each exhalation
C. Using a strong positive, feeling-rich statement about a desired change
D. Exercise combined with meditation to foster relaxation and mental alacrity

40. What type of relaxation technique does Lyza uses if a machine is showing her pulse rate, temperature and muscle tension which she can visualize and assess?

A. Biofeedback
B. Massage
C. Autogenic training
D. Visualization and Imagery

41. This is also known as Self-suggestion or Self-hypnosis

A. Biofeedback
B. Meditation
C. Autogenic training
D. Visualization and Imagery

42. Which among these drugs is NOT an anxiolytic?

A. Valium
B. Ativan
C. Milltown
D. Luvox

43. Kenneth, 25 year old diagnosed with HIV felt that he had not lived up with God’s expectation. He fears that in the course of his illness, God will be punitive and not be supportive. What kind of spiritual crisis is Kenneth experiencing?

1. Spiritual Pain
2. Spiritual Anxiety
3. Spiritual Guilt
4. Spiritual Despair

A. 1,2
B. 2,3
C. 3,4
D. 1,4

44. Grace, believes that her relationship with God is broken. She tried to go to church to ask forgiveness everyday to remedy her feelings. What kind of spiritual distress is Grace experiencing?

A. Spiritual Pan
B. Spiritual Alienation
C. Spiritual Guilt
D. Spiritual Despair

45. Remedios felt “EMPTY” She felt that she has already lost God’s favor and love because of her sins. This is a type of what spiritual crisis?

A. Spiritual Anger
B. Spiritual Loss
C. Spiritual Despair
D. Spiritual Anxiety

46. Budek is working with a schizophrenic patient. He noticed that the client is agitated, pacing back and forth, restless and experiencing Anxiety +3. Budek said “You appear restless” What therapeutic technique did Budek used?

A. Offering general leads
B. Seeking clarification
C. Making observation
D. Encouraging description of perception

47. Rommel told Budek “ I SEE DEAD PEOPLE “ Budek responded “You see dead people?” This Is an example of therapeutic communication technique?

A. Reflecting
B. Restating
C. Exploring
D. Seeking clarification

48. Rommel told Budek, “Do you think Im crazy?” Budek responded, “Do you think your crazy?” Budek uses what example of therapeutic communication?

A. Reflecting
B. Restating
C. Exploring
D. Seeking clarification

49. Myra, 21 year old nursing student has difficulty sleeping. She told Nurse Budek “I really think a lot about my x boyfriend recently” Budek told Myra “And that causes you difficulty sleeping?” Which therapeutic technique is used in this situation?

A. Reflecting
B. Restating
C. Exploring
D. Seeking clarification

50. Myra told Budek “I cannot sleep, I stay away all night” Budek told her “You have difficulty sleeping” This is what type of therapeutic communication technique?

A. Reflecting
B. Restating
C. Exploring
D. Seeking clarification

51. Myra said “I saw my dead grandmother here at my bedside a while ago” Budek responded “Really? That is hard to believe, How do you feel about it?” What technique did Budek used?

A. Disproving
B. Disagreeing
C. Voicing Doubt
D. Presenting Reality

52. Which of the following is a therapeutic communication in response to “I am a GOD, bow before me Or ill summon the dreaded thunder to burn you and purge you to pieces!”

A. “You are not a GOD, you are Professor Tadle and you are a PE Teacher, not a Nurse. I am Glen, Your nurse.”
B. “Oh hail GOD Tadle, everyone bow or face his wrath!”
C. “Hello Mr. Tadle, You are here in the hospital, I am your nurse and you are a patient here”
D. “How can you be a GOD Mr. Tadle? Can you tell me more about it?”

53. Erik John Senna, Told Nurse Budek “ I don’t want to that, I don’t want that thing.. that’s too painful!” Which of the following response is NON THERAPEUTIC

A. “ This must be difficult for you, But I need to inject you this for your own good”
B. “ You sound afraid”
C. “Are you telling me you don’t want this injection?”
D. “Why are you so anxious? Please tell me more about your feelings Erik”

54. Legrande De Salvaje Y Cobrador La Jueteng, was caught by the bacolod police because of his illegal activities. When he got home after paying for the bail, He shouted at his son. What defense mechanism did Mr. La Jueteng used?

A. Restitution
B. Projection
C. Displacement
D. Undoing

55. Later that day, he bought his son ice cream and food. What defense mechanism is Legrande unconsciously doing?

A. Restitution
B. Conversion
C. Redoing
D. Reaction formation

56. Crisis is a sudden event in ones life that disturbs a person’s homeostasis. Which of the following is NOT TRUE in crisis?

A. The person experiences heightened feeling of stress
B. Inability to function in the usual organized manner
C. Lasts for 4 months
D. Indicates unpleasant emotional feelings

57. Which of the following is a characteristic of crisis?

A. Lasts for an unlimited period of time
B. There is a triggering event
C. Situation is not dangerous to the person
D. Person totality is not involved

58. Levito Devin, The Italian prime minister, is due to retire next week. He feels depressed due to the enormous loss of influence, power, fame and fortune. What type of crisis is Devin experiencing?

A. Situational
B. Maturational
C. Social
D. Phenomenal

59. Estrada, The Philippine president, has been unexpectedly impeached and was out of office before the end of his term. He is in what type of crisis?

A. Situational
B. Maturational
C. Social
D. Phenomenal

60. The tsunami in Thailand and Indonesia took thousands of people and change million lives. The people affected by the Tsunami are saddened and do not know how to start all over again. What type of crisis is this?

A. Situational
B. Maturational
C. Social
D. Phenomenal

61. Which of the following is the BEST goal for crisis intervention?

A. Bring back the client in the pre crisis state
B. Make sure that the client becomes better
C. Achieve independence
D. Provide alternate coping mechanism

62. What is the best intervention when the client has just experienced the crisis and still at the first phase of the crisis?

A. Behavior therapy
B. Gestalt therapy
C. Cognitive therapy
D. Milieu Therapy

63. Therapeutic nurse client relationship is describes as follows

1. Based on friendship and mutual interest
2. It is a professional relationship
3. It is focused on helping the patient solve problems and achieve health-related goals
4. Maintained only as long as the patient requires professional help

A. 1,2,3
B. 1,2,4
C. 2,3,4
D. 1,3,4

64. The client is scheduled to have surgical removal of the tumor on her left breast. Which of the following manifestation indicates that she is experiencing Mild Anxiety?

A. She has increased awareness of her environmental details
B. She focused on selected aspect of her illness
C. She experiences incongruence of action, thoughts and feelings
D. She experiences random motor activities

65. Which of the following nursing intervention would least likely be effective when dealing with a client with aggressive behavior?

A. Approach him in a calm manner
B. Provide opportunities to express feelings
C. Maintain eye contact with the client
D. Isolate the client from others

66. Whitney, a patient of nurse Budek, verbalizes… “I have nothing, nothing… nothing! Don't make me close one more door, I don't wanna hurt anymore!” Which of the following is the most appropriate response by Budek?

A. Why are you singing?
B. What makes you say that?
C. Ofcourse you are everything!
D. What is that you said?

67. Whitney verbalizes that she is anxious that the diagnostic test might reveal laryngeal cancer. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing intervention?

A. Tell the client not to worry until the results are in
B. Ask the client to express feelings and concern
C. Reassure the client everything will be alright
D. Advice the client to divert his attention by watching television and reading newspapers

68. Considered as the most accurate expression of person’s thought and feelings

A. Verbal communication
B. Non verbal communication
C. Written communication
D. Oral communication

69. Represents inner feeling that a person do not like talking about.

A. Overt communication
B. Covert communication
C. Verbal communication
D. Non verbal communication

70. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of an effective Nurse-Client relationship?

A. Focused on the patient
B. Based on mutual trust
C. Conveys acceptance
D. Discourages emotional bond

71. A type of record wherein , each person or department makes notation in separate records. A nurse will use the nursing notes, The doctor will use the Physician’s order sheet etc. Data is arranged according to information source.

C. Traditional
D. Resource oriented

72. Type of recording that integrates all data about the problem, gathered by members of the health team.

B. Traditional
C. Resource oriented
D. Source oriented

73. These are data that are monitored by using graphic charts or graphs that indicated the progression or fluctuation of client’s Temperature and Blood pressure.

A. Progress notes
B. Kardex
C. Flow chart
D. Flow sheet

74. Provides a concise method of organizing and recording data about the client. It is a series of flip cards kept in portable file used in change of shift reports.

A. Kardex
B. Progress Notes
D. Change of shift report

75. You are about to write an information on the Kardex. There are 4 available writing instruments to use. Which of the following should you use?

A. Mongol #2
B. Permanent Ink
C. A felt or fountain pen
D. Pilot Pentel Pen marker

76. The client has an allergy to Iodine based dye. Where should you put this vital information in the client’s chart?

A. In the first page of the client’s chart
B. At the last page of the client’s chart
C. At the front metal plate of the chart
D. In the Kardex

77. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the Kardex

A. It provides readily available information
B. It is a tool of end of shift reports
C. The primary basis of endorsement
D. Where Allergies information are written

78. Which of the following, if seen on the Nurses notes, violates characteristic of good recording?

A. The client has a blood pressure of 120/80, Temperature of 36.6 C Pulse rate of 120 and Respiratory rate of 22
B. Ate 50% of food served
C. Refused administration of betaxolol
D. Visited and seen By Dr. Santiago

79. The physician ordered : Mannerix a.c , what does a.c means?

A. As desired
B. Before meals
C. After meals
D. Before bed time

80. The physician ordered, Maalox, 2 hours p.c, what does p.c means?
A. As desired
B. Before meals
C. After meals
D. Before bed time

81. The physician ordered, Maxitrol, Od. What does Od means?

A. Left eye
B. Right eye
C. Both eye
D. Once a day

82. The physician orderd, Magnesium Hydroxide cc Aluminum Hydroxide. What does cc means?

A. without
B. with
C. one half
D. With one half dose

83. Physician ordered, Paracetamol tablet ss. What does ss means?

A. without
B. with
C. one half
D. With one half dose

84. Which of the following indicates that learning has been achieved?

A. Matuts starts exercising every morning and eating a balance diet after you taught her mag HL tayo program
B. Donya Delilah has been able to repeat the steps of insulin administration after you taught it to her
C. Marsha said “ I understand “ after you a health teaching about family planning
D. John rated 100% on your given quiz about smoking and alcoholism

85. In his theory of learning as a BEHAVIORISM, he stated that transfer of knowledge occurs if a new situation closely resembles an old one.

A. Bloom
B. Lewin
C. Thorndike
D. Skinner

86. Which of the following is TRUE with regards to learning?

A. Start from complex to simple
B. Goals should be hard to achieve so patient can strive to attain unrealistic goals
C. Visual learning is the best for every individual
D. Do not teach a client when he is in pain

87. According to Bloom, there are 3 domains in learning. Which of these domains is responsible for the ability of Donya Delilah to inject insulin?

A. Cognitive
B. Affective
C. Psychomotor
D. Motivative

88. Which domains of learning is responsible for making John and Marsha understand the different kinds of family planning methods?

A. Cognitive
B. Affective
C. Psychomotor
D. Motivative

89. Which of the following statement clearly defines therapeutic communication?

A. Therapeutic communication is an interaction process which is primarily directed by the nurse
B. It conveys feeling of warmth, acceptance and empathy from the nurse to a patient in relaxed atmosphere
C. Therapeutic communication is a reciprocal interaction based on trust and aimed at identifying patient needs and developing mutual goals
D. Therapeutic communication is an assessment component of the nursing process

90. Which of the following concept is most important in establishing a therapeutic nurse patient relationship?

A. The nurse must fully understand the patient’s feelings, perception and reactions before goals can be established
B. The nurse must be a role model for health fostering behavior
C. The nurse must recognize that the patient may manifest maladaptive behavior after illness
D. The nurse should understand that patients might test her before trust is established

91. Which of the following communication skill is most effective in dealing with covert communication?

A. Validation
B. Listening
C. Evaluation
D. Clarification

92. Which of the following are qualities of a good recording?

1. Brevity
2. Completeness and chronology
3. Appropriateness
4. Accuracy

A. 1,2
B. 3,4
C. 1,2,3
D. 1,2,3,4

93. All of the following chart entries are correct except
A. V/S 36.8 C,80,16,120/80
B. Complained of chest pain
C. Seems agitated
D. Able to ambulate without assistance

94. Which of the following teaching method is effective in client who needs to be educated about self injection of insulin?

A. Detailed explanation
B. Demonstration
C. Use of pamphlets
D. Film showing

95. What is the most important characteristic of a nurse patient relationship?

A. It is growth facilitating
B. Based on mutual understanding
C. Fosters hope and confidence
D. Involves primarily emotional bond

96. Which of the following nursing intervention is needed before teaching a client post spleenectomy deep breathing and coughing exercises?

A. Tell the patient that deep breathing and coughing exercises is needed to promote good breathing, circulation and prevent complication
B. Tell the client that deep breathing and coughing exercises is needed to prevent Thrombophlebitis, hydrostatic pneumonia and atelectasis
C. Medicate client for pain
D. Tell client that cooperation is vital to improve recovery

97. The client has an allergy with penicillin. What is the best way to communicate this information?

A. Place an allergy alert in the Kardex
B. Notify the attending physician
C. Write it on the patient’s chart
D. Take note when giving medications

98. An adult client is on extreme pain. He is moaning and grimacing. What is the best way to assess the client’s pain?

A. Perform physical assessment
B. Have the client rate his pain on the smiley pain rating scale
C. Active listening on what the patient says
D. Observe the client’s behavior

99. Therapeutic communication begins with?

A. Knowing your client
B. Knowing yourself
C. Showing empathy
D. Encoding

100. The PCS gave new guidelines including leaflets to educate cancer patients. As a nurse, When using materials like this, what is your responsibility?

A. Read it for the patient
B. Give it for the patient to read himself
C. Let the family member read the material for the patient
D. Read it yourself then, Have the client read the material


Donnah from Davao...
Hello, Sir Budek dalawa ang Funda-III ang na post, wala pa ang Funda-V Sir. Sir Budek please bigay mo na ang answers & rationales, gusto na namin Sir...please??? Sir Budek nakatulong talaga kayo sa amin, especially to those who are taking the local exam several times, kapoy talaga Sir Budek ang local exam.!!! Love from Davao City...

Hi Sir. Can I ask the answer for funda 100 items(Stress, Crisis,etc)?
Tnx a lot. your site is a big help.

hi sir budek,how are you? I'm from Merge bajada,davao..Just want to ask for some advice on what supplement to take for memory enhancement & study techniques?........I am a 2nd courser & has poor foundation of knowledge.Due to time constraints & NLE is fast approaching, i solely depend on lecture notes & answering Mosby questions,w/c you have recommended..Please HELP sir..I badly need your expertise & advice..Daghang Salamat..from Davao with LOVE:)

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