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100 item Comprehensive Exam II

1. In a child with suspected coarctation of the aorta, the nurse would expect to find
A) Strong pedal pulses
B) Diminishing cartoid pulses
C) Normal femoral pulses
D) Bounding pulses in the arms

2. The nurse is caring for a child receiving chest physiotherapy (CPT). Which of the following actions by the nurse would be appropriate?
A) Schedule the therapy thirty minutes after meals
B) Teach the child not to cough during the treatment
C) Confine the percussion to the rib cage area
D) Place the child in a prone position for the therapy

3. A client was admitted to the psychiatric unit with major depression after a suicide attempt. In addition to feeling sad and hopeless, the nurse would assess for
A) Anxiety, unconscious anger, and hostility
B) Guilt, indecisiveness, poor self-concept
C) Psychomotor retardation or agitation
D) Meticulous attention to grooming and hygiene

4. A victim of domestic violence states to the nurse, "If only I could change and be how my companion wants me to be, I know things would be different." Which would be the best response by the nurse?

A) "The violence is temporarily caused by unusual circumstances; don’t stop hoping for a change."
B) "Perhaps, if you understood the need to abuse, you could stop the violence."
C) "No one deserves to be beaten. Are you doing anything to provoke your spouse into beating you?"
D) "Batterers lose self-control because of their own internal reasons, not because of what their partner did or did not do."

5. A nurse is to present information about Chinese folk medicine to a group of student nurses. Based on this cultural belief, the nurse would explain that illness is attributed to the
A) Yang, the positive force that represents light, warmth, and fullness
B) Yin, the negative force that represents darkness, cold, and emptiness
C) Use of improper hot foods, herbs and plants
D) A failure to keep life in balance with nature and others

6. A polydrug user has been in recovery for 8 months. The client has began skipping breakfast and not eating regular dinners. The client has also started frequenting bars to "see old buddies." The nurse understands that the client’s behavior is a warning sign to indicate that the client may be

A) headed for relapse
B) feeling hopeless
C) approaching recovery
D) in need of increased socialization

7. At the day treatment center a client diagnosed with Schizophrenia - Paranoid Type sits alone alertly watching the activities of clients and staff. The client is hostile when approached and asserts that the doctor gives her medication to control her mind. The client's behavior most likely indicates
A) Feelings of increasing anxiety related to paranoia
B) Social isolation related to altered thought processes
C) Sensory perceptual alteration related to withdrawal from environment
D) Impaired verbal communication related to impaired judgment

8. A client is admitted with the diagnosis of meningitis. Which finding would the nurse expect in assessing this client?
A) Hyperextension of the neck with passive shoulder flexion
B) Flexion of the hip and knees with passive flexion of the neck
C) Flexion of the legs with rebound tenderness
D) Hyperflexion of the neck with rebound flexion of the legs

9. Post-procedure nursing interventions for electroconvulsive therapy include
A) Applying hard restraints if seizure occurs
B) Expecting client to sleep for 4 to 6 hours
C) Remaining with client until oriented
D) Expecting long-term memory loss

10. The nurse is talking to parents about nutrition in school aged children. Which of the following is the most common nutritional disorder in this age group?
A) Bulimia
B) Anorexia
C) Obesity
D) Malnutrition

11. The nurse assesses a client who has been re-admitted to the psychiatric in-patient unit for schizophrenia. His symptoms have been managed for several months with fluphenazine (Prolixin). Which should be a focus of the first assessment?
A) Stressors in the home
B) Medication compliance
C) Exposure to hot temperatures
D) Alcohol use

12. The nurse admits a client newly diagnosed with hypertension. What is the best method for assessing the blood pressure?
A) Standing and sitting
B) In both arms
C) After exercising
D) Supine position

13. The nurse is caring for a client who has developed cardiac tamponade. Which finding would the nurse anticipate?
A) Widening pulse pressure
B) Pleural friction rub
C) Distended neck veins
D) Bradycardia

14. At the geriatric day care program a client is crying and repeating "I want to go home. Call my daddy to come for me." The nurse should
A) Invite the client to join the exercise group
B) Tell the client you will call someone to come for her
C) Give the client simple information about what she will be doing
D) Firmly direct the client to her assigned group activity

15. When teaching adolescents about sexually transmitted diseases, what should the nurse emphasize that is the most common infection?
A) Gonorrhea
B) Chlamydia
C) Herpes

16. A 38 year-old female client is admitted to the hospital with an acute exacerbation of asthma. This is her third admission for asthma in 7 months. She describes how she doesn't really like having to use her medications all the time. Which explanation by the nurse best describes the long-term consequence of uncontrolled airway inflammation?
A) Degeneration of the alveoli
B) Chronic bronchoconstriction of the large airways
C) Lung remodeling and permanent changes in lung function
D) Frequent pneumonia

17. The mother of a 15 month-old child asks the nurse to explain her child's lab results and how they show her child has iron deficiency anemia. The nurse's best response is
A) "Although the results are here, your doctor will explain them later."
B) "Your child has less red blood cells that carry oxygen."
C) "The blood cells that carry nutrients to the cells are too large."
D) "There are not enough blood cells in your child's circulation."

18. Privacy and confidentiality of all client information is legally protected. In which of these situations would the nurse make an exception to this practice?
A) When a family member offers information about their loved one
B) When the client threatens self-harm and harm to others
C) When the health care provider decides the family has a right to know the client's diagnosis
D) When a visitor insists that the visitor has been given permission by the client

19. At a well baby clinic the nurse is assigned to assess an 8 month-old child. Which of these developmental achievements would the nurse anticipate that the child would be able to perform?
A) Say 2 words
B) Pull up to stand
C) Sit without support
D) Drink from a cup

20. First-time parents bring their 5 day-old infant to the pediatrician's office because they are extremely concerned about its breathing pattern. The nurse assesses the baby and finds that the breath sounds are clear with equal chest expansion. The respiratory rate is 38-42 breaths per minute with occasional periods of apnea lasting 10 seconds in length. What is the correct analysis of these findings?
A) The pediatrician must examine the baby
B) Emergency equipment should be available
C) This breathing pattern is normal
D) A future referral may be indicated

21. A 30 month-old child is admitted to the hospital unit. Which of the following toys would be appropriate for the nurse to select from the toy room for this child?
A) Cartoon stickers
B) Large wooden puzzle
C) Blunt scissors and paper
D) Beach ball

22. A 2 year-old child has just been diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. The child's father asks the nurse "What is our major concern now, and what will we have to deal with in the future?" Which of the following is the best response?
A) "There is a probability of life-long complications."
B) "Cystic fibrosis results in nutritional concerns that can be dealt with."
C) "Thin, tenacious secretions from the lungs are a constant struggle in cystic fibrosis."
D) "You will work with a team of experts and also have access to a support group that the family can attend."

23. A mother asks the nurse if she should be concerned about the tendency of her child to stutter. What assessment data will be most useful in counseling the parent?
A) Age of the child
B) Sibling position in family
C) Stressful family events
D) Parental discipline strategies

24. During an examination of a 2 year-old child with a tentative diagnosis of Wilm's tumor, the nurse would be most concerned about which statement by the mother?
A) My child has lost 3 pounds in the last month.
B) Urinary output seemed to be less over the past 2 days.
C) All the pants have become tight around the waist.
D) The child prefers some salty foods more than others.

25. A client is admitted with a pressure ulcer in the sacral area. The partial thickness wound is 4cm by 7cm, the wound base is red and moist with no exudate and the surrounding skin is intact. Which of the following coverings is most appropriate for this wound?
A) Transparent dressing
B) Dry sterile dressing with antibiotic ointment
C) Wet to dry dressing
D) Occlusive moist dressing

26. A 65-year-old Hispanic-Latino client with prostate cancer rates his pain as a 6 on a 0-to-10 scale. The client refuses all pain medication other than Motrin, which does not relieve his pain. The next action for the nurse to take is to
A) Ask the client about the refusal of certain pain medications
B) Talk with the client's family about the situation
C) Report the situation to the health care provider
D) Document the situation in the notes

27. The nurse is caring for a client with an unstable spinal cord injury at the T7 level. Which intervention should take priority in planning care?
A) Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration
B) Place client on a pressure reducing support surface
C) Use skin care products designed for use with incontinence
D) Increase caloric intake to aid healing

28. A client is experiencing hallucinations that are markedly increased at night. The client is very frightened by the hallucinations. The client’s partner asked to stay a few hours beyond the visiting time, in the client’s private room. What would be the best response by the nurse demonstrating emotional support for the client?
A) "No, it would be best if you brought the client some reading material that she could read at night."
B) "No, your presence may cause the client to become more anxious."
C) "Yes, staying with the client and orienting her to her surroundings may decrease her anxiety."
D) "Yes, would you like to spend the night when the client’s behavior indicates that she is frightened?"

29. The nurse is caring for residents in a long term care setting for the elderly. Which of the following activities will be most effective in meeting the growth and development needs for persons in this age group?
A) Aerobic exercise classes
B) Transportation for shopping trips
C) Reminiscence groups
D) Regularly scheduled social activities

30. Which type of accidental poisoning would the nurse expect to occur in children under age 6?
A) Oral ingestion
B) Topical contact
C) Inhalation
D) Eye splashes

31. A mother wants to switch her 9 month-old infant from an iron-fortified formula to whole milk because of the expense. Upon further assessment, the nurse finds that the baby eats table foods well, but drinks less milk than before. What is the best advice by the nurse?
A) Change the baby to whole milk
B) Add chocolate syrup to the bottle
C) Continue with the present formula
D) Offer fruit juice frequently

32. A nurse is conducting a community wide seminar on childhood safety issues. Which of these children is at the highest risk for poisoning?
A) 9 month-old who stays with a sitter 5 days a week
B) 20 month-old who has just learned to climb stairs
C) 10 year-old who occasionally stays at home unattended
D) 15 year-old who likes to repair bicycles

33. The nurse assesses delayed gross motor development in a 3 year-old child. The inability of the child to do which action confirms this finding?
A) Stand on 1 foot
B) Catch a ball
C) Skip on alternate feet
D) Ride a bicycle

34. The nurse is making a home visit to a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The client tells the nurse that he used to be able to walk from the house to the mailbox without difficulty. Now, he has to pause to catch his breath halfway through the trip. Which diagnosis would be most appropriate for this client based on this assessment?
A) Activity intolerance caused by fatigue related to chronic tissue hypoxia
B) Impaired mobility related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
C) Self care deficit caused by fatigue related to dyspnea
D) Ineffective airway clearance related to increased bronchial secretions

35. A nurse is caring for a client with multiple myeloma. Which of the following should be included in the plan of care?
A) Monitor for hyperkalemia
B) Place in protective isolation
C) Precautions with position changes
D) Administer diuretics as ordered

36. A client was admitted to the psychiatric unit with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. He constantly bothers other clients, tries to help the housekeeping staff, demonstrates pressured speech and demands constant attention from the staff. Which activity would be best for the client?
A) Reading
B) Checkers
C) Cards
D) Ping-pong

37. What is the most important aspect to include when developing a home care plan for a client with severe arthritis?
A) Maintaining and preserving function
B) Anticipating side effects of therapy
C) Supporting coping with limitations
D) Ensuring compliance with medications

38. A pre-term newborn is to be fed breast milk through nasogastric tube. Why is breast milk preferred over formula for premature infants?
A) Contains less lactose
B) Is higher in calories/ounce
C) Provides antibodies
D) Has less fatty acid

39. Which of the following nursing assessments in an infant is most valuable in identifying serious visual defects?
A) Red reflex test
B) Visual acuity
C) Pupil response to light
D) Cover test

40. Which nursing action is a priority as the plan of care is developed for a 7 year-old child hospitalized for acute glomerulonephritis?
A) Assess for generalized edema
B) Monitor for increased urinary output
C) Encourage rest during hyperactive periods
D) Note patterns of increased blood pressure

41. The nurse should recognize that physical dependence is accompanied by what findings when alcohol consumption is first reduced or ended?
A) Seizures
B) Withdrawal
C) Craving
D) Marked tolerance

42. The nurse is preparing a 5 year-old for a scheduled tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. The parents are anxious and concerned about the child's reaction to impending surgery. Which nursing intervention would be best to prepare the child?
A) Introduce the child to all staff the day before surgery
B) Explain the surgery 1 week prior to the procedure
C) Arrange a tour of the operating and recovery rooms
D) Encourage the child to bring a favorite toy to the hospital

43. During the evaluation phase for a client, the nurse should focus on
A) All finding of physical and psychosocial stressors of the client and in the family
B) The client's status, progress toward goal achievement, and ongoing re-evaluation
C) Setting short and long-term goals to insure continuity of care from hospital to home
D) Select interventions that are measurable and achievable within selected timeframes

44. The client who is receiving enteral nutrition through a gastrostomy tube has had 4 diarrhea stools in the past 24 hours. The nurse should
A) Review the medications the client is receiving
B) Increase the formula infusion rate
C) Increase the amount of water used to flush the tube
D) Attach a rectal bag to protect the skin

45. A client is receiving nitroprusside IV for the treatment of acute heart failure with pulmonary edema. What diagnostic lab value should the nurse monitor in relation to this medication?
A) Potassium
B) Arterial blood gasses
C) Blood urea nitrogen
D) Thiocyanate

46. The nurse is talking with a client. The client abruptly says to the nurse, "The moon is full. Astronauts walk on the moon. Walking is a good health habit." The client’s behavior most likely indicates
A) Neologisms
B) Dissociation
C) Flight of ideas
D) Word salad

47. The nurse is assessing a child for clinical manifestations of iron deficiency anemia. Which factor would the nurse recognize as cause for the findings?
A) Decreased cardiac output
B) Tissue hypoxia
C) Cerebral edema
D) Reduced oxygen saturation

48. A Hispanic client in the postpartum period refuses the hospital food because it is "cold." The best initial action by the nurse is to
A) Have the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) reheat the food if the client wishes
B) Ask the client what foods are acceptable or bad
C) Encourage her to eat for healing and strength
D) Schedule the dietitian to meet with the client as soon as possible

49. In planning care for a child diagnosed with minimal change nephrotic syndrome, the nurse should understand the relationship between edema formation and
A) Increased retention of albumin in the vascular system
B) Decreased colloidal osmotic pressure in the capillaries
C) Fluid shift from interstitial spaces into the vascular space
D) Reduced tubular reabsorption of sodium and water

50. A client is admitted with a diagnosis of hepatitis B. In reviewing the initial laboratory results, the nurse would expect to find elevation in which of the following values?
A) Blood urea nitrogen
B) Acid phosphatase
C) Bilirubin
D) Sedimentation rate

51. The nurse is monitoring the contractions of a woman in labor. A contraction is recorded as beginning at 10:00 A.M. and ending at 10:01 A.M. Another begins at 10:15 A.M. What is the frequency of the contractions?
A) 14 minutes
B) 10 minutes
C) 15 minutes
D) Nine minutes

52. A recovering alcoholic asked the nurse, "Will it be ok for me to just drink at special family gatherings?" Which initial response by the nurse would be best?
A) "A recovering person has to be very careful not to lose control, therefore, confine your drinking just at family gatherings."
B) "At your next AA meeting discuss the possibility of limited drinking with your sponsor."
C) "A recovering person needs to get in touch with their feelings. Do you want a drink?"
D) "A recovering person cannot return to drinking without starting the addiction process over."

53. Which of the actions suggested to the RN by the PN during a planning conference for a 10 month-old infant admitted 2 hours ago with bacterial meningitis would be acceptable to add to the plan of care?
A) Measure head circumference
B) Place in airborne isolation
C) Provide passive range of motion
D) Provide an over-the-crib protective top

54. A victim of domestic violence tells the batterer she needs a little time away. How would the nurse expect that the batterer might respond?
A) With acceptance and views the victim’s comment as an indication that their marriage is in trouble
B) With fear of rejection causing increased rage toward the victim
C) With a new commitment to seek counseling to assist with their marital problems
D) With relief, and welcomes the separation as a means to have some personal time

55. A nurse is assigned to a client who is a new admission for the treatment of a frontal lobe brain tumor. Which history offered by the family members would be anticipated by the nurse as associated with the diagnosis and communicated?
A) "My partner's breathing rate is usually below 12."
B) "I find the mood swings and the change from a calm person to being angry all the time hard to deal with."
C) "It seems our sex life is nonexistant over the past 6 months."
D) "In the morning and evening I hear complaints that reading is next to impossible from blurred print."

56. A client who has been drinking for five years states that he drinks when he gets upset about "things" such as being unemployed or feeling like life is not leading anywhere. The nurse understands that the client is using alcohol as a way to deal with
A) Recreational and social needs
B) Feelings of anger
C) Life’s stressors
D) Issues of guilt and disappointment

57. The nurse would expect the cystic fibrosis client to receive supplemental pancreatic enzymes along with a diet
A) High in carbohydrates and proteins
B) Low in carbohydrates and proteins
C) High in carbohydrates, low in proteins
D) Low in carbohydrates, high in proteins

58. The nurse is discussing nutritional requirements with the parents of an 18 month-old child. Which of these statements about milk consumption is correct?
A) May drink as much milk as desired
B) Can have milk mixed with other foods
C) Will benefit from fat-free cow's milk
D) Should be limited to 3-4 cups of milk daily

59. A postpartum mother is unwilling to allow the father to participate in the newborn's care, although he is interested in doing so. She states, "I am afraid the baby will be confused about who the mother is. Baby raising is for mothers, not fathers." The nurse's initial intervention should be what focus?
A) Discuss with the mother sharing parenting responsibilities
B) Set time aside to get the mother to express her feelings and concerns
C) Arrange for the parents to attend infant care classes
D) Talk with the father and help him accept the wife's decision

60. A client with emphysema visits the clinic. While teaching about proper nutrition, the nurse should emphasize that the client
A) Eat foods high in sodium increases sputum liquefaction
B) Use oxygen during meals improves gas exchange
C) Perform exercise after respiratory therapy enhances appetite
D) Cleanse the mouth of dried secretions reduces risk of infection

61. The nurse is assigned to a client who has heart failure . During the morning rounds the nurse sees the client develop sudden anxiety, diaphoresis and dyspnea. The nurse auscultates, crackles bilaterally. Which nursing intervention should be performed first?
A) Take the client's vital signs
B) Place the client in a sitting position with legs dangling
C) Contact the health care provider
D) Administer the PRN antianxiety agent

62. Based on principles of teaching and learning, what is the best initial approach to pre-op teaching for a client scheduled for coronary artery bypass?
A) Touring the coronary intensive unit
B) Mailing a video tape to the home
C) Assessing the client's learning style
D) Administering a written pre-test

63. An eighteen month-old has been brought to the emergency room with irritability, lethargy over 2 days, dry skin and increased pulse. Based upon the evaluation of these initial findings, the nurse would assess the child for additional findings of
A) Septicemia
B) Dehydration
C) Hypokalemia
D) Hypercalcemia

64. A nurse is doing preconceptual counseling with a woman who is planning a pregnancy. Which of the following statements suggests that the client understands the connection between alcohol consumption and fetal alcohol syndrome?
A) "I understand that a glass of wine with dinner is healthy."
B) "Beer is not really hard alcohol, so I guess I can drink some."
C) "If I drink, my baby may be harmed before I know I am pregnant."
D) "Drinking with meals reduces the effects of alcohol."

65. The nurse is performing an assessment on a child with severe airway obstruction. Which finding would the nurse anticipate finding?
A) Retractions in the intercostal tissues of the thorax
B) Chest pain aggravated by respiratory movement
C) Cyanosis and mottling of the skin
D) Rapid, shallow respirations

66. The father of an 8 month-old infant asks the nurse if his infant's vocalizations are normal for his age. Which of the following would the nurse expect at this age?
A) Cooing
B) Imitation of sounds
C) Throaty sounds
D) Laughter

67. The nurse is planning to give a 3 year-old child oral digoxin. Which of the following is the best approach by the nurse?
A) "Do you want to take this pretty red medicine?"
B) "You will feel better if you take your medicine."
C) "This is your medicine, and you must take it all right now."
D) "Would you like to take your medicine from a spoon or a cup?"

68. The nurse is providing instructions to a new mother on the proper techniques for breast feeding her infant. Which statement by the mother indicates the need for additional instruction?
A) "I should position my baby completely facing me with my baby's mouth in front of my nipple."
B) "The baby should latch onto the nipple and areola areas."
C) "There may be times that I will need to manually express milk."
D) "I can switch to a bottle if I need to take a break from breast feeding."

69. Which of these parents’ comment for a newborn would most likely reveal an initial finding of a suspected pyloric stenosis?
A) I noticed a little lump a little above the belly button.
B) The baby seems hungry all the time.
C) Mild vomiting that progressed to vomiting shooting across the room.
D) Irritation and spitting up immediately after feedings.

70. The nurse prepares for a Denver Screening test with a 3 year-old child in the clinic. The mother asks the nurse to explain the purpose of the test. What is the nurse’s best response about the purpose of the Denver?
A) It measures a child’s intelligence.
B) It assesses a child's development.
C) It evaluates psychological responses.
D) It helps to determine problems.

71. The school nurse suspects that a third grade child might have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Prior to referring the child for further evaluation, the nurse should
A) Observe the child's behavior on at least 2 occasions
B) Consult with the teacher about how to control impulsivity
C) Compile a history of behavior patterns and developmental accomplishments
D) Compare the child's behavior with classic signs and symptoms

72. Immediately following an acute battering incident in a violent relationship, the batterer may respond to the partner’s injuries by
A) Seeking medical help for the victim's injuries
B) Minimizing the episode and underestimating the victim’s injuries
C) Contacting a close friend and asking for help
D) Being very remorseful and assisting the victim with medical care

73. The nurse, assisting in applying a cast to a client with a broken arm, knows that
A) The cast material should be dipped several times into the warm water
B) The cast should be covered until it dries
C) The wet cast should be handled with the palms of hands
D) The casted extremity should be placed on a cloth-covered surface

74. The nurse is caring for a toddler with atopic dermatitis. The nurse should instruct the parents to
A) Dress the child warmly to avoid chilling
B) Keep the child away from other children for the duration of the rash
C) Clean the affected areas with tepid water and detergent
D) Wrap the child's hand in mittens or socks to prevent scratching

75. In evaluating the growth of a 12 month-old child, which of these findings would the nurse expect to be present in the infant?
A) Increased 10% in height
B) 2 deciduous teeth
C) Tripled the birth weight
D) Head > chest circumference

76. In taking the history of a pregnant woman, which of the following would the nurse recognize as the primary contraindication for breast feeding?
A) Age 40 years
B) Lactose intolerance
C) Family history of breast cancer
D) Uses cocaine on weekends

77. The nurse enters a 2 year-old child's hospital room in order to administer an oral medication. When the child is asked if he is ready to take his medicine, he immediately says, "No!". What would be the most appropriate next action?
A) Leave the room and return five minutes later and give the medicine
B) Explain to the child that the medicine must be taken now
C) Give the medication to the father and ask him to give it
D) Mix the medication with ice cream or applesauce

78. A mother asks about expected motor skills for a 3 year-old child. Which of the following would the nurse emphasize as normal at this age?
A) Jumping rope
B) Tying shoelaces
C) Riding a tricycle
D) Playing hopscotch

79. A 4 year-old child is recovering from chicken pox (varicella). The parents would like to have the child return to day care as soon as possible. In order to ensure that the illness is no longer communicable, what should the nurse assess for in this child?
A) All lesions crusted
B) Elevated temperature
C) Rhinorrhea and coryza
D) Presence of vesicles

80. A home health nurse is caring for a client with a pressure sore that is red, with serous drainage, is 2 inches in diameter with loss of subcutaneous tissue. The appropriate dressing for this wound is
A) A transparent film dressing
B) Wet dressing with debridement granules
C) Wet to dry with hydrogen peroxide
D) Moist saline dressing

81. A diabetic client asks the nurse why the health care provider ordered a glycolsylated hemoglobin (HbA) measurement, since a blood glucose reading was just performed. You will explain to the client that the HbA test:
A) Provides a more precise blood glucose value than self-monitoring
B) Is performed to detect complications of diabetes
C) Measures circulating levels of insulin
D) Reflects an average blood sugar for several months

82. The nurse is caring for a client with COPD who becomes dyspneic. The nurse should
A) Instruct the client to breathe into a paper bag
B) Place the client in a high Fowler's position
C) Assist the client with pursed lip breathing
D) Administer oxygen at 6L/minute via nasal cannula

83. A 24 year-old male is admitted with a diagnosis of testicular cancer. The nurse would expect the client to have
A) Scrotal discoloration
B) Sustained painful erection
C) Inability to achieve erection
D) Heaviness in the affected testicle

84. After successful alcohol detoxification, a client remarked to a friend, "I’ve tried to stop drinking but I just can’t, I can’t even work without having a drink." The client’s belief that he needs alcohol indicates his dependence is primarily
A) Psychological
B) Physical
C) Biological
D) Social-cultural

85. The nurse is planning care for a 2 year-old hospitalized child. Which of the following will produces the most stress at this age?
A) Separation anxiety
B) Fear of pain
C) Loss of control
D) Bodily injury

86. A 9 year-old is taken to the emergency room with right lower quadrant pain and vomiting. When preparing the child for an emergency appendectomy, what must the nurse expect to be the child's greatest fear?
A) Change in body image
B) An unfamiliar environment
C) Perceived loss of control
D) Guilt over being hospitalized

87. In preparing medications for a client with a gastrostomy tube, the nurse should contact the health care provider before administering which of the following drugs through the tube?
A) Cardizem SR tablet (diltiazem)
B) Lanoxin liquid
C) Os-cal tablet (calcium carbonate)
D) Tylenol liquid (acetaminophen)

88. The nurse is assigned to care for a client newly diagnosed with angina. As part of discharge teaching, it is important to remind the client to remove the nitroglycerine patch after 12 hours in order to prevent what condition?
A) Skin irritation
B) Drug tolerance
C) Severe headaches
D) Postural hypotension

89. What is the major developmental task that the mother must accomplish during the first trimester of pregnancy?
A) Acceptance of the pregnancy
B) Acceptance of the termination of the pregnancy
C) Acceptance of the fetus as a separate and unique being
D) Satisfactory resolution of fears related to giving birth

90. The nurse is caring for a depressed client with a new prescription for an SSRI antidepressant. In reviewing the admission history and physical, which of the following should prompt questions about the safety of this medication?
A) History of obesity
B) Prescribed use of an MAO inhibitor
C) Diagnosis of vascular disease
D) Takes antacids frequently

91. The nurse detects blood-tinged fluid leaking from the nose and ears of a head trauma client. What is the appropriate nursing action?
A) Pack the nose and ears with sterile gauze
B) Apply pressure to the injury site
C) Apply bulky, loose dressing to nose and ears
D) Apply an ice pack to the back of the neck

92. A nurse aide is taking care of a 2 year-old child with Wilm's tumor. The nurse aide asks the nurse why there is a sign above the bed that says DO NOT PALPATE THE ABDOMEN? The best response by the nurse would be which of these statements?
A) "Touching the abdomen could cause cancer cells to spread."
B) "Examining the area would cause difficulty to the child."
C) "Pushing on the stomach might lead to the spread of infection."
D) "Placing any pressure on the abdomen may cause an abnormal experience."

93. The nurse is caring for a client with a deep vein thrombosis. Which finding would require the nurse's immediate attention?
A) Temperature of 102 degrees Fahrenheit
B) Pulse rate of 98 beats per minute
C) Respiratory rate of 32
D) Blood pressure of 90/50

94. A client admits to benzodiazepine dependence for several years. She is now in an outpatient detoxification program. The nurse must understand that a priority during withdrawal is
A) Avoid alcohol use during this time
B) Observe the client for hypotension
C) Abrupt discontinuation of the drug
D) Assess for mild physical symptoms

95. The nurse will administer liquid medicine to a 9 month-old child. Which of the following methods is appropriate?
A) Allow the infant to drink the liquid from a medicine cup
B) Administer the medication with a syringe next to the tongue
C) Mix the medication with the infant's formula in the bottle
D) Hold the child upright and administer the medicine by spoon

96. A client refuses to take the medication prescribed because the client prefers to take self-prescribed herbal preparations. What is the initial action the nurse should take?
A) Report the behavior to the charge nurse
B) Talk with the client to find out about the preferred herbal preparation
C) Contact the client's health care provider
D) Explain the importance of the medication to the client

97. The nurse is teaching diet restrictions for a client with Addison's disease. The client would indicate an understanding of the diet by stating
A) "I will increase sodium and fluids and restrict potassium."
B) "I will increase potassium and sodium and restrict fluids."
C) "I will increase sodium, potassium and fluids."
D) "I will increase fluids and restrict sodium and potassium."

98. A nurse arranges for a interpreter to facilitate communication between the health care team and a non-English speaking client. To promote therapeutic communication, the appropriate action for the nurse to remember when working with an interpreter is to
A) Promote verbal and nonverbal communication with both the client and the interpreter
B) Speak only a few sentences at a time and then pause for a few moments
C) Plan that the encounter will take more time than if the client spoke English
D) Ask the client to speak slowly and to look at the person spoken to

99. The most common reason for an Apgar score of 8 and 9 in a newborn is an abnormality of what parameter?
A) Heart rate
B) Muscle tone
C) Cry
D) Color

100. The nurse is caring for several 70 to 80 year-old clients on bed rest. What is the most important measure to prevent skin breakdown?
A) Massage legs frequently
B) Frequent turning
C) Moisten skin with lotions
D) Apply moist heat to reddened areas


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