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Basic Human Anatomy ang Physiology Review Series 2

Basic Human Anatomy ang Physiology Review Series 2

1. Which of the following structure houses vital centers for control of our vital signs?
a. Pons

b. Medulla oblongata
c. Midbrain
d. Cerebrum

2. Which sequence of reactions occurs when a person looks at a distant object?
a. Pupils constrict, suspensory ligaments relax, lenses become less convex
b. Pupils dilate, suspensory ligaments become taut, lenses become less convex
c. Pupils dilate, suspensory ligaments become taut, lenses become more convex
d. Pupils constrict, suspensory ligaments relax, lenses become more convex

3. The main function of the rods is:
a. Depth perception

b. Color vision
c. Vision in dim light
d. Refraction

4. Which of the following statements is false concerning the sense of taste?
a. There are four basic types of receptors
b. The ability to taste is affected by the sense of smell
c. Taste buds include the fungiform, filiform and circumvallate
d. Taste and olfactory receptors are located in the nasal cavity

5. The anterior chamber of the eye is filled with which of the following fluid?
a. Vitreous humor

b. Cerebrospinal fluid
c. Aqueous humor
d. Interstitial fluid

6. The transparent structure through which light enters the eye is:
a. Cornea

b. Pupil
c. Lens
d. Retina

7. Which of these is not a plasma protein?
a. Fibrinogen

b. Gamma globulins
c. Thromboplastin
d. Albumin

8. No cytoplamic granules are present in:
a. Monocytes

b. Basophils
c. Eosinophils
d. Neutrophils

9. Which of the following secretions is not properly matched with its source?
a. Liver, albumin
b. Kidney, erythropoietin

c. Platelet, fibrinogen
d. Stomach, intrinsic factor

10. The activator of the reaction fibrinogen ---> fibrin is:
a. Thrombin

b. Factor XII
c. Prothrombin activator
d. Thromboplastin

11. All of the following conditions impair coagulation except:
a. Vitamin K deficiency

b. Vascular spasms
c. Heparin
d. Severe hypocalcemia

12. Which of the following plasma proteins is most important in maintaining the proper osmotic pressure of the blood?
a. Albumin

b. Gamma globulin
c. Fibrinogen
d. Beta globulin

13. Myelination of the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system is the job of the:
a. Schwann cells

b. Neuroglia
c. Neurons
d. Epithelial cells

14. A patient has suffered a cerebral hemorrhage that has damaged the precentral gyrus of his right cerebral cortex. As a result:
a. He cannot voluntarily move his left arm or leg
b. He feels no sensation on the left side of his body
c. He feels no sensation on all body parts
d. He cannot voluntarily move his right arm or leg

15. Seat of intelligence and abstract reasoning is located in which lobe of the cerebral hemispheres?
a. Frontal

b. Parietal
c. Occipital
d. Temporal

16. All of the following are motor nerves except:
a. CN V

b. Oculomotor
c. CN IV
d. Hypoglossal

17. The spinal cords end at the level of:
a. T12

b. L2
c. C7
d. L5

18. Cardiovascular effects of the sympathetic division include all but:
a. Constriction of most blood vessels
b. Dilation of the vessel serving skeletal muscles

c. Increase of heart rate and force
d. Dilation of the blood vessels serving the skin and digestive viscera

19. Nearsightedness is more properly called:
a. Myopia

b. Hyperopia
c. Presbyopia
d. Emmetropia

20. Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone will result in:

b. Diabetes mellitus
c. Diabetes insipidus
d. Anuria

Note: Answers and Rationales both for review series 1 and 2 wil be posted very soon (probably after the NLE exam this june)

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